The SPE Library contains thousands of papers, presentations, journal briefs and recorded webinars from the best minds in the Plastics Industry. Spanning almost two decades, this collection of published research and development work in polymer science and plastics technology is a wealth of knowledge and information for anyone involved in plastics.
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Technical Article Briefs
Cyclic deformation of polychloroprene rubber/carbon black composites
The electrical and mechanical properties of conducting samples, containing various types and concentrations of carbon black fillers, were examined after being subjected to different flexing modes.
Integrating nanoparticles into 3D-printed structures
Understanding the processing-structure-property relationship of 3D-printed composites reinforced with 2D nanomaterials enables the development of scaffold structures with enhanced performance.
Flexible insert for microinjection compression molding of polymer microlens arrays
A new method of microinjection molding, based on the use of a flexible insert combined with a porous plate, enables the fast and efficient fabrication of polymer microlens arrays with tunable heights.
Investigating the use of fibrillar clays for reinforcement of polymer composites
Surface modifications to palygorskite promote its dispersion within nylon 6, which in turn improves the thermal and mechanical properties of the resultant nanocomposites.
Functionalizing nonwoven polyester fabrics with polypyrrole
Polypyrrole-coated nonwoven polyester fabrics, prepared by in situ chemical polymerization, show promise for heat-generation, electromagnetic interference shielding, and sensing applications.
Effects of ultrasonic vibration on polypropylene/graphene nanoplatelet composites
Ultrasonic vibration can reduce the size and effectively enhance the uniform dispersion of graphene nanoplatelets during extrusion, thus improving the electrical and thermal network in resultant composites.
A wear-resistant composite material based on polyvinyl alcohol
Polyvinyl alcohol composites containing silicon-carbide particles that were modified by a silane coupling agent achieve enhanced mechanical and wear properties.
Creep-recovery behavior of novel polyurethane/carbon nanotube composites
Dynamic mechanical analysis and three well-known models were used to investigate the mechanical properties of samples synthesized from recycled poly-ethylene terephthalate.
Agricultural waste can replace wood in plastic composites
Waste wheat straw can be treated for use as an environmentally sustainable reinforcement in composite materials, with performance equal or better than wood-polymer composites.
Real-time viscosity monitoring during graft copolymerization of gelatinized starch
A combined stirrer-torque meter provides a novel and effective way to obtain continuous, in-line measurements of reaction mixtures.
Predicting the mechanical behavior of butadiene-rubber nanocomposites
The physical and mechanical characteristics of butadiene-rubber-based nanocomposites can be reliably predicted using theoretical hyper-elastic models and finite-element simulations.
Accurate, repeatable, and efficient fiber-length measurements
Conventional fiber-length measurement techniques for discontinuous fiber-reinforced composites are evaluated and a novel characterization methodology is proposed.
Friction stir processing of thermoplastic/rubber/nanoclay composites
The effects of pin geometry and process parameters on the mechanical properties of samples fabricated via this novel technique are investigated.
High-efficiency hot embossing for polypropylene
A new plate-to-plate isothermal hot embossing method with a low cycle time enables highly uniform microstructures to be introduced in semicrystalline polymers for use in practical devices.
Adding carbon nanotubes to elastomer blends for improved mechanical performance
The addition of carbon nanotubes into a natural rubber/ethylene propylene diene monomer blend enhances the cure characteristics and physical and mechanical properties of the resultant nanocomposites.
Electrospinning chitosan nanopowders into biocompatible polymeric mats
Chitosan nanopowders can be electrospun into nanofibers together with a poly(vinyl alcohol) solution to create chitosan-based mats with good blood compatibility.
Enhancing the processability of plastics using carbon dioxide and water
The synergy obtained by combining supercritical carbon dioxide and superheated water enables polyethersulfone to be processed at significantly lower temperatures than in conventional processes.
Applications of nanomaterials in medicine
Recent advances in nanotechnology, particularly for diagnostic, therapeutic, and bone tissue engineering purposes, are discussed.
Aerogel-reinforced polymer nanocomposites
Carbon aerogels are lightweight, mesoporus, solid-state materials that can be used to reinforce composites and to enhance their thermal and mechanical properties.
UV-induced changes to the structure of polycarbonate
Experiments reveal that acetone absorption induces crystallinity in polycarbonate and that the irradiated samples exhibit enhanced solvent crystallization.
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