The SPE Library contains thousands of papers, presentations, journal briefs and recorded webinars from the best minds in the Plastics Industry. Spanning almost two decades, this collection of published research and development work in polymer science and plastics technology is a wealth of knowledge and information for anyone involved in plastics.
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There has never been a more exciting time to be in the Auto industry, with disruption and innovation occurring on many fronts. Electrification of the Powertrain, Autonomy, Regulation, and Connectivity are Megatrends impacting the future of mobility, and plastic materials play an important part in each of these large scale changes that will ultimately remake 'what' a light passenger vehicle is and does, and 'how' humans are transported in the future. This paper will touch on each of these trends and the potential impact on the Auto sector.
Thermoplastic Polyolefins (TPOs) have become very dominant materials among automotive plastics. Because of their versatility with formulation changes the TPOs are currently being used in all automotive applications. The presentation will cover how the TPOs were evolved and why the automotive applications are growing rapidly.
Scratch resistance has been issued in automotive industry, which is a measure of scratch on the plastic material for the interior and exterior of automotive. The effect of thermoplastic olefin (TPO) composition with various fillers and novel glass filler, which has high aspect ratio, on scratch resistance and mechanical properties was investigated in this study.
Core-Back Technology enabled a 1.9mm IP substrate to be molded then expanded to 4.0 mm . Resulting in less cost & weight while increased stiffness and low emissions.
This paper examines the chemical resistance of different grades of Polymethylmethacrylate material (PMMA), Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate (ASA) and Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate Polycarbonate (ASA+PC) that are commonly used in automotive exterior trim applications. The materials were exposed to automotive windshield washer solvent at different levels of strain.
A new concept for liquid cooled modules in electric vehicle battery packs (EVBPs) is presented. This concept requires resins with high hydrolytic stability. A new polycarbonate blend was developed that meets the requirements for this new application.
A novel depolymerization method using low-temperature, low-pressure alcoholysis of PLA in a ternary solution is outlined in this work. Depolymerization kinetics are studied for the PLA/methanol/chloroform system at 57°C. Large changes in molecular weight can be achieved at relatively mild conditions. A tin catalyst is found to increase the reaction rate significantly. The method is well-suited to industrial recycling processes and is consistent with the concept of a circular economy.
The mechanical properties of sisal-PLA composites were measured with a parameter of length of sisal fiber, degree of microfibrillation, and mixing method of sisal fiber. The mechanical properties of sisal-PLA composites were also compared with those of wood flour, cellulose based on hardwood, and cellulose nanofiber composites. As a result, the higher tensile strength of the sisal-PLA composite was obtained by kneading PLA and microfibrillated sisal fiber wetted with organic solvent.
Since powder coatings do not use VOCs, much research has been studied as eco-friendly paints. Among these powder coatings, hybrid type is widely used in home appliances and furniture. Therefore, it is very important to meet both aesthetic characteristics and mechanical properties such as gloss and hardness. However, it is difficult to maintain high gloss with high hardness because of the inorganic filler of powder coatings.
Glass fiber/nanocellulose/epoxy interfacial adhesion was explored to determine the optimum coating process and nanocellulose surface chemistry for glass fiber reinforced epoxy composites. The interfacial adhesion was assessed by photoelastic scattering under a microscope and interfacial shear stress (IFSS) determination by single fiber fragmentation test (SFFT). The effect of nanocellulose as glass fiber coating on the interphase was determined and prospects of nanocellulose sizing of glass fibers (GF) were discussed.
This is a presentation based upon the SPECAD Technical members collaborative efforts to provide support to divisions and educational organizations.
Consumer Electronics faces certain design challenges that are similar to Automotive and Aerospace segments. Namely, how do you optimize weight, while maintaining performance standards in order to meet end use product requirements. Focus on achieving the thinnest and lightest notebook computer drives the need to examine composites fit in material selection process. The evolution of thermoplastic composite materials and manufacturing processes will be the key to enabling high volume adoption.
In this paper, the numerical and experimental studies of flow and warpage of thermoset materials in a resin transfer molding (RTM) process are described. We give introduction to the theory and methods of simulation for the flow and warpage analysis. Further, two example cases are shown. One is a case where the flow during RTM process is studied. Another is the case where the warpage analysis is performed. The simulation results in this study are in good agreement with experimental results.
In this work, we propose an environmentally friendly innovative ultrasonic process to impregnate solventless epoxy into carbon nanotube (CNT) nanopaper (NP) (approximately 50 um thick) for fabricating prepreg nanocomposites. Both multi-wall carbon nanotube (MWNT) NP and single-wall carbon nanotube (SWNT) NP are used for prepreg fabrication. The prepregs show multi-functional performance in EMI shielding and sand erosion resistance. Process parameters including ultrasound time, amplitude level and pressure are studied for the fabrication process.
This presentation will discuss digital inkjet technology and how it is being used for a variety of direct to object printing. It will include information on using the right type of inkjet printer (flatbed, conveyorized, or cylinder printer). It will also outline trends in the industry and how this type of technology is projected to grow.
This presentation will examine both digital decorating processes - laser marking and digital inkjet - and look at the advantages and disadvantages of each. The discussion will include suggestions on which process is best for particular plastics decorating applications.
Polyamide 66 is widely used in the automotive industry especially for under the hood applications where resistance to high temperature, pressures, and various chemicals are needed. This paper describes the preparation of high melt viscosity, light weighting, and reinforced polyamide 66 compounds made from common injection molding grade. This material is suitable for blow molding and sheet extrusion applications where high melt strength is required. The viscoelastic properties of the compounds were characterized using capillary and oscillation rheometer.
Will provide once it clears the Dow internal release process
Paper will present how modeling can help establish a relationship between film material properties and application performance.
Instrumentation and analytical methods are presented for on-line, real-time analysis of performance in single screw extrusion processes. The methodology implements analytical models for heating and cooling power for each zone, screw torque, apparent viscosity, and specific energy. In additional, numerical methods are implemented to provide real-time estimate of the process variation. The protocol defines volumetric, adiabatic, theoretical, and robustness efficiency measures useful for extrusion process engineering and optimization. Validation data is provided for general-purpose and barrier screw designs.
Any article that is cited in another manuscript or other work is required to use the correct reference style. Below is an example of the reference style for SPE articles:
Brown, H. L. and Jones, D. H. 2016, May.
"Insert title of paper here in quotes,"
ANTEC 2016 - Indianapolis, Indiana, USA May 23-25, 2016. [On-line].
Society of Plastics Engineers
Note: if there are more than three authors you may use the first author's name and et al. EG Brown, H. L. et al.
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