The SPE Library contains thousands of papers, presentations, journal briefs and recorded webinars from the best minds in the Plastics Industry. Spanning almost two decades, this collection of published research and development work in polymer science and plastics technology is a wealth of knowledge and information for anyone involved in plastics.
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Intelligent Automotive Design With Plastics
There has never been a more exciting time to be in the Auto industry, with disruption and innovation occurring on many fronts. Electrification of the Powertrain, Autonomy, Regulation, and Connectivity are Megatrends impacting the future of mobility, and plastic materials play an important part in each of these large scale changes that will ultimately remake 'what' a light passenger vehicle is and does, and 'how' humans are transported in the future. This paper will touch on each of these trends and the potential impact on the Auto sector.
Reflections On Evolution And Growth Of TPOs.
Thermoplastic Polyolefins (TPOs) have become very dominant materials among automotive plastics. Because of their versatility with formulation changes the TPOs are currently being used in all automotive applications. The presentation will cover how the TPOs were evolved and why the automotive applications are growing rapidly.
A Novel Glass Filler Reinforeced Compound For Automotive Interior Parts
Scratch resistance has been issued in automotive industry, which is a measure of scratch on the plastic material for the interior and exterior of automotive. The effect of thermoplastic olefin (TPO) composition with various fillers and novel glass filler, which has high aspect ratio, on scratch resistance and mechanical properties was investigated in this study.
Core-Back Technology For Automotive Body Interior Applications
Core-Back Technology enabled a 1.9mm IP substrate to be molded then expanded to 4.0 mm . Resulting in less cost & weight while increased stiffness and low emissions.
Chemical Resistance Of PMMA, ASA And ASA+PC For Automotive Exterior Trim Applications
This paper examines the chemical resistance of different grades of Polymethylmethacrylate material (PMMA), Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate (ASA) and Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate Polycarbonate (ASA+PC) that are commonly used in automotive exterior trim applications. The materials were exposed to automotive windshield washer solvent at different levels of strain.
New Resin For Liquid Cooled Modules In Electric Vehicle Battery Packs (Evbps)
A new concept for liquid cooled modules in electric vehicle battery packs (EVBPs) is presented. This concept requires resins with high hydrolytic stability. A new polycarbonate blend was developed that meets the requirements for this new application.
Low Temperature Solution Depolymerization Of Pla
A novel depolymerization method using low-temperature, low-pressure alcoholysis of PLA in a ternary solution is outlined in this work. Depolymerization kinetics are studied for the PLA/methanol/chloroform system at 57°C. Large changes in molecular weight can be achieved at relatively mild conditions. A tin catalyst is found to increase the reaction rate significantly. The method is well-suited to industrial recycling processes and is consistent with the concept of a circular economy.
Mechanical Properties And Effects Of Microfibrillation Of 100 % Biomass Sisal-Pla Composite
The mechanical properties of sisal-PLA composites were measured with a parameter of length of sisal fiber, degree of microfibrillation, and mixing method of sisal fiber. The mechanical properties of sisal-PLA composites were also compared with those of wood flour, cellulose based on hardwood, and cellulose nanofiber composites. As a result, the higher tensile strength of the sisal-PLA composite was obtained by kneading PLA and microfibrillated sisal fiber wetted with organic solvent.
Synthesis Of High Hardness Polyester Resin For Powder Coatings
Since powder coatings do not use VOCs, much research has been studied as eco-friendly paints. Among these powder coatings, hybrid type is widely used in home appliances and furniture. Therefore, it is very important to meet both aesthetic characteristics and mechanical properties such as gloss and hardness. However, it is difficult to maintain high gloss with high hardness because of the inorganic filler of powder coatings.
On The Use Of High-Throughput Electrospinning To Produce Optimized Packaging Films From Polyhydroxyalkanoates
This study describes the preparation and characterization of electrospun films made of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) produced by mixed bacterial cultures derived from a cheese whey (CW) industrial by-product. A mild thermal post-processing step carried out on the electrospun fibers mat, at a temperature below the biopolymer’s melting point, yielded a film with high transparency, enhanced crystallinity, and potentially sufficient mechanical and water barrier properties for sustainable packaging applications.
Nanocellulose As A Sizing Agent For Glass Fiber Towards An Enhanced Glass Fiber – Epoxy Interphase
Glass fiber/nanocellulose/epoxy interfacial adhesion was explored to determine the optimum coating process and nanocellulose surface chemistry for glass fiber reinforced epoxy composites. The interfacial adhesion was assessed by photoelastic scattering under a microscope and interfacial shear stress (IFSS) determination by single fiber fragmentation test (SFFT). The effect of nanocellulose as glass fiber coating on the interphase was determined and prospects of nanocellulose sizing of glass fibers (GF) were discussed.
Optimizing Color: A Pigment- And Surface-Chemistry Perspective
Effectively dispersing organic pigments within polymeric matrices is essential in maintaining consistent color and physical properties. Each and every pigment is chemically and physically unique, allowing for a myriad of potential molecular and macroscopic interactions to take place. This paper will discuss the physical (e.g. particle size, shape, distribution, morphology, surface area, porosity, etc.) and chemical (surface energy, polarizability, zeta potential, solubility, hydrophilicity, hydrophobicity, etc.) properties impacting a pigment’s interaction with its environment.
Keynote: Color Theory And Test Methods.
This is a presentation based upon the SPECAD Technical members collaborative efforts to provide support to divisions and educational organizations.
KEYNOTE: Evolution of Thermoplastic Composites in Portable Electronics
Consumer Electronics faces certain design challenges that are similar to Automotive and Aerospace segments. Namely, how do you optimize weight, while maintaining performance standards in order to meet end use product requirements. Focus on achieving the thinnest and lightest notebook computer drives the need to examine composites fit in material selection process. The evolution of thermoplastic composite materials and manufacturing processes will be the key to enabling high volume adoption.
Fundamental Understanding Of Tribological Behavior Of Multiphase Polymeric Systems Using Fem Modeling
Three-dimensional finite element method (FEM) modeling has been carried out to study the influence of dispersed particles on tribological behavior of multiphase polymeric systems. Specifically, effects of particle type and volume fraction on scratch behavior of multiphase polymeric systems have been investigated. The FEM findings correlate well with the experimentally observed scratch-induced damages. The results show that type and concentration of particles can drastically affect the stress and strain field development during the scratching process.
Effects Of Different Fillers On The Thermo-Mechanical Properties And Coefficient Of Linear Thermal Expansion Of Polypropylene Composites
We study and report on the effect of different fillers on the coefficient of linear thermal expansion (CLTE) of polypropylene (PP) by melt extrusion technique. We examine and review the effect of some fibers such as glass fiber and carbon fibers as well as traditional mineral filler like talc. Moreover, we study the effect of new biocarbon as an environmentally friendly filler on the CLTE of neat PP and compare with the previous samples. On the basis of these results, properties and potential applications of PP composites are discussed.
Numerical And Experimental Studies On Flow And Warpage During Resin Transfer Molding Process
In this paper, the numerical and experimental studies of flow and warpage of thermoset materials in a resin transfer molding (RTM) process are described. We give introduction to the theory and methods of simulation for the flow and warpage analysis. Further, two example cases are shown. One is a case where the flow during RTM process is studied. Another is the case where the warpage analysis is performed. The simulation results in this study are in good agreement with experimental results.
Developing Ultrasonic Processing Of Cnt Nanopaper/Solventless Epoxy Prepreg
In this work, we propose an environmentally friendly innovative ultrasonic process to impregnate solventless epoxy into carbon nanotube (CNT) nanopaper (NP) (approximately 50 um thick) for fabricating prepreg nanocomposites. Both multi-wall carbon nanotube (MWNT) NP and single-wall carbon nanotube (SWNT) NP are used for prepreg fabrication. The prepregs show multi-functional performance in EMI shielding and sand erosion resistance. Process parameters including ultrasound time, amplitude level and pressure are studied for the fabrication process.
Digital Inkjet For Direct To Object Printing
This presentation will discuss digital inkjet technology and how it is being used for a variety of direct to object printing. It will include information on using the right type of inkjet printer (flatbed, conveyorized, or cylinder printer). It will also outline trends in the industry and how this type of technology is projected to grow.
Digital Printing Technologies For Plastics – Focus on Color Inkjet and Laser Marking
This presentation will examine both digital decorating processes - laser marking and digital inkjet - and look at the advantages and disadvantages of each. The discussion will include suggestions on which process is best for particular plastics decorating applications.
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