SPE Library

The SPE Library contains thousands of papers, presentations, journal briefs and recorded webinars from the best minds in the Plastics Industry. Spanning almost two decades, this collection of published research and development work in polymer science and plastics technology is a wealth of knowledge and information for anyone involved in plastics.

The SPE Library is just one of the great benefits of being an SPE member! Are you taking advantage of all of your SPE Benefits?

Not an SPE member? Join today!

Use % to separate multiple keywords. 

Search SPE Library
After Date: (mm/dd/yy)  
Sort By:   Date Added  ▼  |  Publication Date  ▼  |  Title  ▼  |  Author  ▼
= Members Only
Various topics related to sustainability in plastics, including bio-related, environmental issues, green, recycling, renewal, re-use and sustainability.
Christian Hopmann, Walter Michaeli, Andre Potthoff, May 2011
Environmental stress cracking is the most common failure reason of plastic parts. The influence of the processing conditions e.g. of the injection molding process on the environmental stress cracking resistance has not been investigated yet. Therefore several tests are carried out at the IKV. Test specimens are injection molded with different parameters for melt temperature, mold temperature and injection rate. These parameter variations cause variable inner properties of the molded parts. The environmental stress cracking resistance of specimens with different inner properties differs in a wide range. The results are discussed in detail.
Umar Mohammad, Leigh Mulvaney-Johnson, Russell Speight, Phil Coates, May 2011
The injection moulding process has a complicated set of process parameters and is subject to variations over time resulting from material, environmental and machine component changes. In order to maintain product quality it has been proven that monitoring the process signals is beneficial towards identifying possible changes in the moulded product. Here, the process signals (melt pressure, temperature and screw displacement) are utilised along with material pressure-specific volume-temperature (pvT) characteristics to estimate the moulded product mass. The successful validation of this method presented over a range of processing conditions.
Bumsuk Lee, Byoung-Uk Nam, Dongseok Jeong, Miok Jang, ChaeHwan Hong, May 2011
Polylactide, polyester derived from renewable resources, can be synthesized using either L-lactide or D-lactide. A unique crystallization behavior of poly(L-lactide) (PLLA)/poly(D-lactide) (PDLA) stereocomplex(SC) was observed when a PLLA/PDLA blend was subjected to the specific melting conditions. Therefore, we tried to blend PLLA and PDLA at overall compositions to form PLA stereocomplexes. Moreover, impact modifier was added to enhance the mechanical properties such as impact strength. The presence of the SC in the PLLA matrix was verified by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Thermal and mechanical property of stereocomplexes were investigated by DSC, HDT, Izod impact tester, UTM.
Thomas Barr, May 2011
Thermoformable Fluorex Bright Film was developed to emulate the appearance of plated chrome. However, unlike plated chrome, Bright Film is flexible and thermoformable and can be applied to TPO. The film technology is environmentally friendly and cost-effective, and it has practical applications in various manufacturing processes, such as insert injection molding, thick-sheet thermoforming and extrusion lamination processes. Backed by successful weathering and other testing results, Bright Film has been accepted by the marketplace to accommodate or replace chrome plating as a decorative material for both interior and exterior finishes in the automotive and other industries.
Meaghan Farley, May 2011
The containers and closures market utilizes numerous decorating techniques on a variety of plastic and glass substrates. These decorating methods need to be functional as well as aesthetically pleasing. UV curable coatings can offer value to this market by providing high performance decorative coatings that are cost effective, easy to process and environmentally friendly. This paper will discuss the benefits of using UV curable coatings as an alternative to other ways of decorating containers, some challenges encountered in formulating coatings to meet all specifications of the containers and closures market, and typical performance and processing requirements.
Nanocomposites improve performance of biodegradable polymers
Carla Marega, Ramesh Neppalli, Roberta Saini, Valerio Causin , Antonio Marigo, April 2011
Nanocomposites based on polycaprolactone exhibit enhanced tensile properties and controlled biodegradation rates.
Tissue engineering scaffolds formed by pseudo-negative voltage electrospinning
Min Wang , Ho-Wang Tong, April 2011
An emerging electrospinning technique enables the fabrication of multilayered fibrous membranes with high fiber density and reliable fiber alignment.
Freeze-drying improves crystallization of biodegradable polymers
Nobuaki Tabata, Takashi Sasaki , Daisuke Morino, March 2011
Poly(L-lactide) prepared by freeze-drying exhibits higher crystallizability than the bulk polymer.
Processing and characterization of recycled poly(ethylene terephthalate) blends
Yottha Srithep, Lih-Sheng Turng, March 2011
Chain extenders blended with recycled poly(ethylene terephthalate) improve mechanical properties and moldability.
Biodegradable polymers based on starch and poly(lactic acid)
Tamas Tabi, Jozsef Gabor Kovacs, March 2011
Pre-process drying is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way to enhance adhesion between fillers and polymers.
Environmentally friendly polymer composites prepared with cellulose nanocrystals
Vera Maria Wik, Mirta Ines Aranguren, Mirna Alejandra Mosiewicki, March 2011
Novel polyurethanes obtained from vegetable oil exhibit appreciably improved mechanical performance with inclusion of just 0.5% by weight of nanosized cellulose crystals.
Nanocomposites of new biodegradable polyesters and polyesteramides
Alfonso Rodriguez-Galan, Luis Javier del Valle, Jordi Puiggali , Maria Teresa Casas, Laura Morales-Gamez, Lourdes Franco, March 2011
Polymers are easily prepared by bulk polycondensation based on metal-halide salt formation, while crystallization is strongly influenced by incorporation and distribution of silicate nanoparticles.
Polymer blends with improved mechanical properties
Trevor Woods, Ramesh Babu, February 2011
Hydrolytic degradation and elongation properties of polylactic acid can be enhanced by blending with polyhydroxybutyrate.
Recycled polyvinyl chloride as a sustainable solution
Hong Chang , Nidal Abu-Zahra, December 2010
An improved extrusion technique for polyvinyl chloride regrind could be useful to manufacturers, builders, and architects.
Visco-elastic properties of modified poly(lactic acid)/ spruce-wood-flour composites
Adriana Gregorova , Rupert Wimmer, November 2010
Composite mechanical behavior is critically influenced by interfacial compatibility between the filler and polymer matrix.
A unique, high-flow, drapable, soft reprocessable material
Ashok Adur, November 2010
A new pelletizable, reprocessable composition can be converted into a nonwoven material or a fabric suitable for spin bonding.
Freeze-thawed hydrogels for modeling blood vessels
Colin Stanley, Philip Walsh, Austin Coffey, October 2010
Artificial materials that match both the physical dimensions and mechanical properties of biological blood vessels could be useful in biomedical simulation experiments.
Trends in Bio-renewable Thermoplastics Elastomers
Krishna Venkataswamy, October 2010
Thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs) have been traditionally compounded and manufactured from raw materials based on fossil fuels. Current trends in marketplace abounds sustainability programs. TPEs are no exception to this trend. In a recent editorial, the authors stated “Through research and application, sustainability can evolve from a catchphrase to a societal one”. More than two decades ago the Brundtland Commission (formerly the World Commission on Environment and Development, WCED), deliberated sustainable development issue and gave a definition of sustainability: “Sustainable development meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Oil-palm fiber as natural reinforcement for polymer composites
Farid Nasir Ani, Aznizam Abu Bakar, Arshad Salema , Azman Hassan, October 2010
The importance of natural fibers as reinforcement or fillers in polymers is increasing, but limitations have prevented them from totally replacing synthetic fibers.
Bioplastics and global sustainability
J. N. Swamy, Balaji Singh, October 2010
Application of bioplastics is in its infancy stage but holds significant promise in developing sustainable plastics for the future.

This item is only available to members

Click here to log in

If you are not currently a member,
you can click here to fill out a member application.

We're sorry, but your current web site security status does not grant you access to the resource you are attempting to view.

  Welcome Page

How to reference articles from the SPE Library:

Any article that is cited in another manuscript or other work is required to use the correct reference style. Below is an example of the reference style for SPE articles:

Brown, H. L. and Jones, D. H. 2016, May.
"Insert title of paper here in quotes,"
ANTEC 2016 - Indianapolis, Indiana, USA May 23-25, 2016. [On-line].
Society of Plastics Engineers
Available: www.4spe.org.

Note: if there are more than three authors you may use the first author's name and et al. EG Brown, H. L. et al.

If you need help with citations, visit www.citationmachine.net